The Syrian Arab Republic

is at the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, and is bound on the north by Turkey, on the east by Iraq, on the south by Jordan and Palestine, and on the west by Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea.


  • the Capital : Damascus

  • Official language : ARABIC

  • Space Area : Syria has ail"area' of 185,179 Sq KM. 'fhe'Syrian-Desert (known,as Badyiah) is capable of growing grass for pasture.

    The Natural Geography of Syria is divided into four regions:

    1. the costal region : surrounded by the coastal mountains and the Mediterranean Sea.

    2. The mountain region : includes the mountains and the plateaus extending from the north to the south parallel to the Mediterranean Sea coast.

    3. The internal  region :is also called the Plain Region, includes the plains of Damascus, Horns, Hama, Aleppo, AI-Hasakeh and Dara'a; and it is east of the Mountain Region.

    4. The desert  region :is the desert plains in the southeast of the country along the border of Jordan and Iraq.

  • climate : Syria has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by a wet winter and a dry summer, interven~d by two transitory short seasons.

  • syria has 14 provinces (governates)

  • Damascus, Rural Damascus, Horns, Hama, Aleppo, Idleb, Lattakia, Tartous, Deir Ezzour, Ar Raqqah, AI-Hasakah, Dara'a, As Suwayda' and Al Qunaytirah.

  • Population:  18,866million person.

Primary Economic Resources :

  • (primarily wheat, cotton, olive, beet, vegetables and fruits) (petroleum and natural gas)

  • (textile and chemical industries).

  • 220 volts/50 Hz. The units of length and weight are meter and kilogram respecti vely .

  • of ministries and public establishments are 8:00 AM to 15:30 PM

  • Friday and Saturday

  • Winter Time starts from November and ends in March (GMT + 02:00) Summer Time starts from April and ends in October (GMT + 03:00)

  • Syria has a Mediterranean moderate climate with four distinctive seasons. The average summer temperature is 32C, the average winter temperature is lOoC and the average spring and autumn temperature is 22C.

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